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Fatigue of Self-Healing Nanofiber-Based Composites: Static Test and Subcritical Crack Propagation

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Title: Fatigue of Self-Healing Nanofiber-Based Composites: Static Test and Subcritical Crack Propagation
Author(s): Yarin, Alexander L.; Yoon, Sam S.; Sett, Soumyadip; Lee, Min Wook
Subject(s): self-healing nanofiber composite
Abstract: Here, we studied the self-healing of composite materials filled with epoxy- containing nanofibers. An initial incision in the middle of a composite sample stretched in a static fatigue test can result in either in crack propagation or healing. In this study, crack evolution was observed in real time. A binary epoxy, which acted as a self-healing agent, was encapsulated in two separate types of interwoven nano-/microfibers formed by dual-solution blowing, with the core containing either epoxy or hardener and the shell being formed from poly(vinylidene fluoride)/ poly(ethylene oxide) [PVDF/PEO] mixture. The core-shell fibers were encased in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix. When the fibers were damaged by a growing crack in this fiber-reinforced composite material because of static stretching in the fatigue test, they broke and released the healing agent into the crack area. The epoxy used in this study was cured and solidified for about an 2 hour at room temperature, which then conglutinated and healed the damaged location. The observations were made for at least several hours and in some cases up to several days. It was revealed that the presence of the healing agent (the epoxy) in the fibers successfully prevented the propagation of cracks in stretched samples subjected to the fatigue test. A theoretical analysis of subcritical cracks was carried out and it revealed a jump-like growth of subcritical cracks, which was in qualitative agreement with the experimental results.
Issue Date: 2016-07-20
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Citation Info: Lee, M. W., Sett, S., Yoon, S. S. and Yarin, A. L. Fatigue of Self-Healing Nanofiber-based Composites: Static Test and Subcritical Crack Propagation. Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2016. 8(28): 18462-18470. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b05390.
Type: Article
Description: Post print version of article may differ from published version. The definitive version is available through American Chemical Society at DOI:10.1021/acsami.6b05390
ISSN: 19448244
Date Available in INDIGO: 2017-08-18

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