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Cross-sector analysis of socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and urban/rural disparities in food policy enactment in the United States.

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Title: Cross-sector analysis of socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and urban/rural disparities in food policy enactment in the United States.
Author(s): Taber DR; Chriqui JF; Quinn CM; Rimkus LM; Chaloupka FJ
Subject(s): Disparities Nutrition Policy Race/ethnicity Socioeconomic status
Abstract: We examined racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and urban/rural disparities in food policy enactment across different sectors, as well as retail food access, throughout the United States. Policy and retail food store data were obtained from 443 communities as part of the Bridging the Gap Community Obesity Measures Project. Our results indicated that median household income was inversely associated with healthier retail food zoning policies in Hispanic communities, where competitive food policies for schools were also healthier and mean fruit/vegetable access in stores was higher. In contrast, income was positively associated with healthier retail food zoning in rural communities, where competitive food policies were weaker. Black communities had low scores across all policy domains. Overall, Hispanic communities had the strongest food policies across sectors. Barriers to policy adoption in both rural and Black communities must be explored further.
Issue Date: 2016-09-14
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation Info: Taber, D. R., Chriqui, J. F., Quinn, C. M., Rimkus, L. M. and Chaloupka, F. J. Cross-sector analysis of socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and urban/rural disparities in food policy enactment in the United States. Health and Place. 2016. 42: 47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.08.006.
Type: Article
Description: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Health and Place. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Health and Place. 2016. 42: 47-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.08.006.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10027/21396
ISSN: 1353-8292
Sponsor: Support for this research was provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to the Bridging the Gap program located within the Health Policy Center at the University of Illinois at Chicago (PI: Frank Chaloupka), and by Grant number R00HD073271 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (PI: Daniel Taber).
Date Available in INDIGO: 2017-10-16
 

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