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Mycotic aneurysm in a turtle hunter: brief review and a case report

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Title: Mycotic aneurysm in a turtle hunter: brief review and a case report
Author(s): Moole, Harsha; Emani, Vamsi Krishna; Ramsahai, Shweta
Subject(s): Salmonella mycotic aneurysm review
Abstract: Salmonella-associated mycotic aneurysm is a rare, but dreaded, complication of salmonellosis. Immunocompromised and elderly populations are more susceptible to develop this extra-intestinal complication. Salmonella is spread via fecal–oral and vehicle-borne routes. Reptiles, especially small pet turtles, have been linked with an increased risk of Salmonella infection. Diagnosis of mycotic aneurysm is a challenge due to atypical presentations. Recently, widespread use of CT scan imaging to evaluate for unexplained abdominal pain and sepsis has led to early identification of mycotic aneurysms. Antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention are the cornerstones of management. Open surgery has been the gold standard of treatment but is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. A relatively new alternative to open surgery is endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). It is comparatively less invasive and is associated with reduced early morbidity and mortality in the setting of mycotic aneurysm. However, there is a risk of late infection. Here, we present a patient with Salmonella mycotic aneurysm initially treated conservatively with antibiotic therapy who later underwent successful interval EVAR with no complications to date. Also included is a brief review of Salmonella-associated mycotic aneurysms.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Citation Info: Moole, Harsha, Vamsi Krishna Emani, and Shweta Ramsahai. "Mycotic aneurysm in a turtle hunter: brief review and a case report." Journal of community hospital internal medicine perspectives 5, no. 3 (2015). DOI: 10.3402/jchimp.v5.27229.
Type: Article
Description: This is a copy of an article published in the Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives. © 2015 Harsha Moole et al.
Sponsor: Research Open Access Article Publishing (ROAAP) Fund of the University of Illinois at Chicago for financial support towards the open access publishing fee for this article.
Date Available in INDIGO: 2016-08-29

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