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Vitamin D and Immune Response: Implications for Prostate Cancer in African Americans.

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Title: Vitamin D and Immune Response: Implications for Prostate Cancer in African Americans.
Author(s): Batai, K; Murphy, AB; Nonn, L; Kittles, RA
Subject(s): African Americans health disparities inflammation prostate cancer vitamin D
Abstract: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer among men in the U.S. African American (AA) men have a higher incidence and mortality rate compared to European American (EA) men, but the cause of PCa disparities is still unclear. Epidemiologic studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency is associated with advanced stage and higher tumor grade and mortality, while its association with overall PCa risk is inconsistent. Vitamin D deficiency is also more common in AAs than EAs, and the difference in serum vitamin D levels may help explain the PCa disparities. However, the role of vitamin D in aggressive PCa in AAs is not well explored. Studies demonstrated that the active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, has anti-inflammatory effects by mediating immune-related gene expression in prostate tissue. Inflammation also plays an important role in PCa pathogenesis and progression, and expression of immune-related genes in PCa tissues differs significantly between AAs and EAs. Unfortunately, the evidence linking vitamin D and immune response in relation to PCa is still scarce. This relationship should be further explored at a genomic level in AA populations that are at high risk for vitamin D deficiency and fatal PCa.
Issue Date: 2016-02-22
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation Info: Batai, K., Murphy, A. B., Nonn, L. and Kittles, R. A. Vitamin D and Immune Response: Implications for Prostate Cancer in African Americans. Front Immunol. 2016. 7. DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2016.00053.
Type: Article
Description: This is a copy of an article published in Frontiers in Immunology © 2016 Frontiers Media Publications.
Sponsor: The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the National  Institutes of Health (1R01MD007105-01 and P50CA090386), the U.S. Department of Defense (W81XWH-10-1-0532), and the Veterans Health Administration (1IK2 CX000926-01).
Date Available in INDIGO: 2016-06-13

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