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Anxiety among Black and Latina Mothers of Premature Infants at Social-Environmental Risk

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Title: Anxiety among Black and Latina Mothers of Premature Infants at Social-Environmental Risk
Author(s): Fabiyi, Camille; Rankin, Kristin; Shapiro, Nicole; White-Traut, Rosemary; Norr, Kathleen
Subject(s): Latinas Maternal anxiety premature infant psychological stress
Abstract: Anxiety is heightened for mothers of premature infants, potentially interfering with early mothering. This study describes relationships among race/ethnicity, language, and anxiety for women at social-environmental risk who deliver a premature infant. Postnatal baseline interview data from a randomized trial testing a behavioral intervention for mothers and infants (29-34 weeks gestational age) were used to examine maternal state (STAI-Y1) and trait (STAI-Y2) anxiety among blacks and Latinas, and by language preference. Latinas (n = 97) had an elevated prevalence of high (≥ 40) state anxiety compared to blacks (n = 97), with Latinas preferring a Spanish to an English interview reporting the highest levels of state anxiety. Trait anxiety did not differ across groups. Culturally appropriate interventions are needed to reduce anxiety among Latina mothers delivering premature infants, especially among those with limited English language proficiency. A racially/ethnically diverse workforce, bilingual healthcare providers, and trained medical interpreters may help to ensure better outcomes.
Issue Date: 2012-09
Publisher: WB Saunders
Citation Info: Fabiyi C, Rankin K, Norr K, Shapiro N, White-Traut R. Anxiety among Black and Latina Mothers of Premature Infants at Social-Environmental Risk. Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews . Sep 1 2012;12(3):132-140. doi: 10.1053/j.nainr.2012.06.004
Type: Article
Description: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews, [Vol 12, Issue 3, (2012)] DOI: 10.1053/j.nainr.2012.06.004
ISSN: 1527-3369
Sponsor: National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Nursing Research (1 R01 HD050738-01A2), and the Harris Foundation.
Date Available in INDIGO: 2014-01-09

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