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Structural and Functional Studies of FKHR-PAX3, a Reciprocal Fusion Gene of the t(2;13) Chromosomal Translocation in Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma

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Title: Structural and Functional Studies of FKHR-PAX3, a Reciprocal Fusion Gene of the t(2;13) Chromosomal Translocation in Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma
Author(s): Hu, Qiande; Yuan, Yewen; Wang, Chiayeng
Subject(s): complementary DNA FKHR PAX3 gene carcinogenesis
Abstract: Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) is an aggressive pediatric cancer of skeletal muscle. More than 70% of ARMS tumors carry balanced t(2;13) chromosomal translocation that leads to the production of two novel fusion genes, PAX3-FKHR and FKHR-PAX3. While the PAX3-FKHR gene has been intensely studied, the reciprocal FKHR-PAX3 gene has rarely been described. We report here the cloning and functional characterization of the FKHR-PAX3 gene as the first step towards a better understanding of its potential impact on ARMS biology. From RH30 ARMS cells, we detected and isolated three versions of FKHR-PAX3 cDNAs whose C-terminal sequences corresponded to PAX3c, PAX3d, and PAX3e isoforms. Unlike the nuclear-specific localization of PAX3-FKHR, the reciprocal FKHR-PAX3 proteins stayed predominantly in the cytoplasm. FKHR-PAX3 potently inhibited myogenesis in both non-transformed myoblast cells and ARMS cells. We showed that FKHR-PAX3 was not a classic oncogene but could act as a facilitator in oncogenic pathways by stabilizing PAX3-FKHR expression, enhancing cell proliferation, clonogenicity, anchorage-independent growth, and matrix adhesion in vitro, and accelerating the onset of tumor formation in xenograft mouse model in vivo. In addition to these pro-oncogenic behaviors, FKHR-PAX3 also negatively affected cell migration and invasion in vitro and lung metastasis in vivo. Taken together, these functional characteristics suggested that FKHR-PAX3 might have a critical role in the early stage of ARMS development.
Issue Date: 2013-06
Publisher: PLoS One
Citation Info: Hu Q, Yuan Y, Wang C (2013) Structural and Functional Studies of FKHR-PAX3, a Reciprocal Fusion Gene of the t(2;13) Chromosomal Translocation in Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma. PLoS ONE 8(6): e68065. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068065
Type: Article
Description: © 2013 Hu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. © 2013 by Public Library of Science, PLoS ONE
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10027/11051
ISSN: 1932-6203
Sponsor: This work was supported by NCI/NIH (http://m.cancer.gov/) CA074907 to Chiayeng Wang.
Date Available in INDIGO: 2014-01-09
 

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