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Application of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Pediatric Ophthalmology

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Title: Application of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Pediatric Ophthalmology
Author(s): Cauduro, Ricardo Salles; Ferraz, Caroline do Amaral; Avila Morales, Maira Saad; Garcia, Patricia Novita; Lopes, Yara Cristina; Souza, Paulo Henrique; Allemann, Norma
Abstract: Purpose. Application of anterior segment optical coherence (AS-OCT) in pediatric ophthalmology. Methods. Retrospective clinical study case series of 26 eyes of 19 pediatric patients throughout a 21-month period, presenting anterior segment pathologies, were submitted to AS-OCT examination (OCT Visante, 1310 nm, Zeiss), noncontact technique, no sedation requirement. Results. AS-OCT images were obtained from 19 patients (range: 2 months to 12 years). Clinical diagnosis of anterior segment abnormalities included cornea disease (n = 7), congenital anterior segment conditions (n = 10), ocular trauma (n = 1), anterior segment surgeries (n = 2), iridocorneal angle abnormalities (n = 4), intermediate uveitis (n = 2). The most common OCT findings were corneal hyperreflectivity and thickening (n = 15), shallow anterior chamber with iris-lens diaphragm anterior displacement (n = 4), atypical corneal curvature (n = 4), corneal thinning (n = 4), peripheral synechiae with angle closure (n = 3), increased anterior chamber depth (n = 2), and proximal portion of glaucoma drainage tube (n = 2). Conclusion. In the present study, noncontact AS-OCT demonstrated to be a feasible technique to evaluate the anterior segment providing anatomic details and useful to clarify diagnosis in the pediatric population.
Issue Date: 2012-08
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation Info: Cauduro RS, Ferraz Cdo A, Morales MS, Garcia PN, Lopes YC, Souza PH, Allemann N. Application of Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Pediatric Ophthalmology. Journal of Ophthalmology. 2012;2012:313120. DOI: 10.1155/2012/313120
Type: Article
Description: Copyright © 2012 Ricardo Salles Cauduro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The original version is available through Hindawi Publishing Corporation at DOI: 10.1155/2012/313120.
ISSN: 2090-004X
Date Available in INDIGO: 2013-11-19

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